Harry Hill Bandholtz

Major General Harry Hill Bandholtz (1864 – May 11, 1925)was born in Constantine, Michigan and a graduate of the United States Military Academy. In 1902 he served as Provincial Governor in Tayabas Province in the Philippines. He was promoted to Brigadier General and served as Chief of the Philippines Constabulary between 1907-1913 supporting America’s colonial government in the Philippines during the Filipino-American War. He served in NY as Chief of Staff in the NY National Guard and went with it to the border in Mexico during the Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villia in 1916. In 1917 he became commander of the 58th Brigade of the 29th Division. He went with his unit to France in June of that year and served with it for three months. On September 27 he was named Provost Marshal General to General John J. Pershing’s American Expeditionary Force in France serving through the end of hostilities and beyond. In 1919, he became the US representative of the Allied Military Mission in Hugary in 1919, making sure that the Romanians and Serbian armies left in a timely manner.

After Sid Hatfield’s murder, the Mine Wars grew into the Battle of Blair Mountain. With a 2,000-man detachment from four U.S. Army regiments and 14 bombers commanded by the military aviation pioneer, Gen. Billy Mitchell, Bandholtz quickly reestablished law and order in the coalfields without firing a shot. Bandholtz’s smoothly executed double envelopment on September 3 and subsequent disarming of the combatants at the Battle of Blair Mountain effectively ended the Mine Wars. Neither side wished to exchange fire with federal soldiers. Bandholtz expressed disgust that West Virginia state and local government in the aftermath.

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Published in: on April 26, 2011 at 11:07 pm  Comments Off on Harry Hill Bandholtz  
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